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CD3366 Term Project Spring 2004
Phonological Processes of Preschool Children
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Table 10.10

Processes

Examples

Syllable Structure

 

Deletion of final consonants

cu (/k/) for cup

Deletion of unstressed syllables

nana for banana

Reduplication

mama, dada, wawa (water)

Reduction of clusters

/s/ + consonant (stop) = delete /s/ (top)

 

 

Assimilation

 

Contiguous

 

Between consonants

beds(/bdz/), bets(/bts/)

 

 

Regressive VC(Vowel Alters toward some feature of C)

nasalization of vowels: can

 

 

Noncontiguous

 

Back Assimilation

dog becomes gog,   dark becomes gawk

 

 

 

 

Substitution

 

Obstruants (includes plosives, fricatives, affricatives)

 

Stopping: replace sound with a plosive

this  becomes dis

Fronting: replace palatals and velars (/k/ and /g/) with alveolars (/t/ and /d/)

Kenny becomes Tenny,  go  becomes do

 

 

 

 

Nasals

 

Fronting (/ng/ becomes /n/)

something becomes somethin

 

 

Approximants replace by

 

Plosive

yellow becomes yedow

Glide

rabbit becomes wabbit

Another Approximate

girl becomes gaul

 

 

 

 

Vowels

 

Neutralization: vowels reduced to /"uh"/ or /a/

want to becomes  wanna

 

 

Deletion of Sounds

balloon becomes ba-oon