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CD3366 Term Project Spring 2004
Table 4
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Systematic changes that affect entire phoneme classes or sequences.

Appropriate until Age

Deletions

2

3

4

1. Initial consonant deletion.

2. Final Consonant deletion.

3. Consonant cluster reduction.

 

At/ hat

No/ noze

Tab/ stop (deleting one or more)

 

Substitutions

3 - 5

3

3 - 6

4 - 5

5 - 6

1. Stopping

2. Voicing/ Devoicing

3. Gliding

4. Fronting/ Backing

5. Affrication/ Deaffrication

Ton/ sun

Dus/ juice

 

Die/ tie

Crip/ crib

 

Ju/ shoe

Wef/ leaf

Weed/ read

Dum/ gum

Sue/ shoe

Cop/ top

Chew/ shoe

Ship/ chip

 

 

Assimilation

3 - 4

3 - 4

or

3

3 - 4

4

3

1. Progressive

2. Regressive

 

3.Velar Assimilation

4.Labial Assimilation

5. Alveolar Assimilation

6. Nasal Assimilation

Beb/ bed

Dod/ dog

Lellow/ yellow

Fwim/ swim

 

 

Gog/ dog

Fwim/ swim

Beb/ bed

Dod/ dog

Lellow/ yellow

 

Neon/ pencil

 

 

Other (infrequent)

3 - 4

4

7

5

2

2

1. Vocalization (vowelization)

2. Weak Syllable Deletion

3. Transposition (Metathesis)

4. Vowel Naturalization

5. CC Deletion

6.Reduplication

Bado/ bottle

Ka/cartefon/telephone

Asks/ ask

 

Mud/ mother

 

Op/ stop

k/ cats

Wawa/ water

D du/ thank you

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