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CD3366 Term Project Spring 2004
Brown's Rules for Counting Morphemes
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Rule

Example

Count as one morpheme:

 

     Reoccurrences of a word for emphasis

No! No! No! (3 morphemes)

     Compound words (two or more free morphemes)

Railroad, birthday

      Proper names

Billy Sue

     Ritualized reduplications

Night-night, choo-choo

     Irregular past tense verbs

Went, ate, got, came

     Diminutives

Daddie, doggie

     Auxiliary verbs and catenatives

Is, have, do, gonna, hafta

     Irregular plurals

Men, feet

 

 

Count as two morphemes (inflected verbs and nouns):

 

     Possessive nouns

Tom's, daddie's

     Plural nouns

Doggies, kitties

     Third-person singular, present- tense verbs

Walks, eats

     Regular past-tense verbs

Walked, jumped

     Present progressive verbs

Walking, eating

 

 

Do not count:

 

     Dysfluencies, except for most complete form

C-c-c-candy, bab-baby

     Fillers

Um-m, ah-h, oh